Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 2000 Feb 7;119(2):217-24.

Developmental expression of urinary bladder neurotrophic factor mRNA and protein in the neonatal rat.

Author information

  • 1University of Vermont College of Medicine, Departments of Neurology and Anatomy and Neurobiology, E219 Given Building, Burlington, VT 05405, USA.


These studies were performed to determine the developmental expression pattern of neurotrophic factor (NTF: nerve growth factor (betaNGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and NT-4 mRNA and NGF, NT-3 and NT-4 protein in the urinary bladder of the postnatal Wistar rat. It was hypothesized that NTFs may contribute to the development of the spinobulbospinal micturition reflex that represents the adult micturition pattern. Changes in NTF mRNA or protein expression in the urinary bladder at the time of development of the mature micturition reflex (postnatal days (P) 16-18) may suggest an involvement of target-derived NTFs in this maturation process. Developmental ages, prior to (P5, P10, P15) or following (P20, P30, adult P90) the development of the spinobulbospinal micturition reflex were selected and the urinary bladder was analyzed for levels of neurotrophic factor mRNA or protein. Results from ribonuclease protection assays demonstrated a similar developmental pattern among each neurotrophic factor examined. Neurotrophic factor mRNA levels increased by P10 and reach a maximum by P15. Subsequently, NTF mRNA levels declined to adult levels that were less than the earliest postnatal time examined (P5). NTF mRNA expression was significantly (p</=0.05-0.001) greater at P10, P15, P20 and P40 (NT-4 mRNA) compared to adult levels for each NTF examined except GDNF mRNA. In general, NGF, NT-3 and NT-4 urinary bladder protein levels in early postnatal development, as determined by ELISA, were similar when compared to the corresponding mRNA expression. Differences in the correlation between NT-3 and NT-4 mRNA and protein expression were demonstrated in the adult urinary bladder where significantly (p</=0. 001) greater levels of protein were revealed despite relatively low abundance of NT-3 and NT-4 mRNA. The developmental expression pattern (maximum expression at the second to third postnatal week) of NTFs in the urinary bladder is consistent with a potential role in the development of the spinobulbospinal reflex. Relatively high expression of NT-3 and NT-4 protein in the adult urinary bladder suggests a potential importance of these factors in the adult lower urinary tract.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center