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FEBS Lett. 2000 Feb 11;467(2-3):226-30.

Structural domains of the insulin receptor and IGF receptor required for dimerisation and ligand binding.

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Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK.


We investigated structural requirements for dimerisation and ligand binding of insulin/IGF receptors. Soluble receptor fragments consisting of N-terminal domains (L1/CYS/L2, L1/CYS/L2/F0) or fibronectin domains (F0/F1/F2, F1/F2) were expressed in CHO cells. Fragments containing F0 or F1 domains were secreted as disulphide-linked dimers, and those consisting of L1/CYS/L2 domains as monomers. None of these proteins bound ligand. However, when a peptide of 16 amino acids from the alpha-subunit C-terminus was fused to the C-terminus of L1/CYS/L2, the monomeric insulin and IGF receptor constructs bound their respective ligands with affinity only 10-fold lower than native receptors.

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