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Biomaterials. 2000 Mar;21(5):521-7.

Evaluation of biological responses to polymeric biomaterials by RT-PCR analysis IV: study of c-myc, c-fos and p53 mRNA expression.

Author information

1
Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kagoshima University, Japan.

Abstract

In order to investigate how cells recognize biomaterials, mRNA that was expressed in attached human fibroblasts on various substrates was evaluated. The expressed oncogenes (c-fos and c-myc) and tumor suppressor gene (p53) mRNA were then isolated and detected using the RT-PCR method. As a result, c-fos and c-myc mRNA expression varied with respect to differences in the hydrophilicity-hydrophobicity of the substrates. Both c-fos and c-myc mRNA expression were low in the fibroblasts that had adhered to hydrophilic surfaces. The tendency of c-fos mRNA expression was similar to the adhesion curve of the cells. c-myc mRNA was largely induced in fibroblasts that had adhered to hydrophobic surfaces. p53 mRNA were largely induced in fibroblasts that had adhered to hydrophilic surfaces, while in the cells that had adhered to hydrophobic surfaces, p53 mRNA expression was low. We concluded that the expression of oncogenes and p53 mRNA is a powerful method for studying cell-polymer interactions or the evaluation of the carcinogenic activity of biomaterials.

PMID:
10674817
DOI:
10.1016/s0142-9612(99)00214-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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