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Acta Chir Belg. 1999 Dec;99(6):312-4.

Rebound thymic hyperplasia after chemotherapy in a patient treated for pulmonary metastases.

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Department of Surgery, University Hospital of Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium.


A 38-year-old patient presented with an anterior mediastinal mass after chemotherapeutic and surgical treatment for lung metastases from a malignant histiocytoma. Because of the risk for tumour recurrence the thymic mass was resected. Thymic hyperplasia was found on pathological examination. In this case thymic hyperplasia is a rebound phenomenon aflcer chemotherapy. It appears to atrophy during the administration of chemotherapy and regrow afterwards. Surgical resection provides the definitive diagnosis and treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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