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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Feb;161(2 Pt 1):463-8.

Effects of decreased respiratory frequency on ventilator-induced lung injury.

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Servei de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital de Sabadell, Corporacio Hospitalaria del Parc Tauli, Sabadell, Spain.


To determine if decreased respiratory frequency (ventilatory rate) improves indices of lung damage, 17 sets of isolated, perfused rabbit lungs were ventilated with a peak static airway pressure of 30 cm H(2)O. All lungs were randomized to one of three frequency/peak pulmonary artery pressure combinations: F20P35 (n = 6): ventilatory frequency, 20 breaths/min, and peak pulmonary artery pressure, 35 mm Hg; F3P35 (n = 6), ventilatory frequency, 3 breaths/min, and peak pulmonary artery pressure of 35 mm Hg; or F20P20 (n = 5), ventilatory frequency, 20 breaths/min, and peak pulmonary artery pressure, 20 mm Hg. Mean airway pressure and tidal volume were matched between groups. Mean pulmonary artery pressure and vascular flow were matched between groups F20P35 and F3P35. The F20P35 group showed at least a 4.5-fold greater mean weight gain and a 3-fold greater mean incidence of perivascular hemorrhage than did the comparison groups, all p </= 0.05. F20P35 lungs also displayed more alveolar hemorrhage than did F20P20 lungs (p </= 0.05). We conclude that decreasing respiratory frequency can improve these indices of lung damage, and that limitation of peak pulmonary artery pressure and flow may diminish lung damage for a given ventilatory pattern.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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