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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2000 Jan;147(4):436-8.

A behavioural model to reveal place preference to delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in mice.

Author information

1
Laboratori de Neurofarmacologia, Facultat de Cienci├Ęs de la Salut i de la Vida, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

The rewarding properties of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are difficult to demonstrate in rodents using standard procedures.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the motivational responses of THC in the place conditioning paradigm in mice after minimizing the dysphoric effects of the first drug exposure and/or the consequences of its pharmacokinetic properties.

METHODS:

Mice were conditioned to THC (1 or 5 mg/kg) using an unbiased procedure with an elevated number of pairings and long conditioning time.

RESULTS:

A place aversion was observed with 5 mg/kg THC using a standard protocol. Similar results were obtained when the CB-1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A (1 mg/kg) was administered immediately after each THC conditioning period. However, mice receiving a priming THC injection and conditioned 24 h later showed a place preference with 1 mg/kg THC and no effect with 5 mg/kg THC.

CONCLUSION:

THC produces a clear place preference in mice by using a long period of conditioning and avoiding the possible dysphoric consequences of the first drug exposure.

PMID:
10672638
DOI:
10.1007/s002130050013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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