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Mol Microbiol. 2000 Feb;35(3):635-46.

Characterization of two novel regulatory genes affecting Salmonella invasion gene expression.

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Department of Microbiology, Pathology, and Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 4700 Hillsborough Street, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA.


A Salmonella typhimurium chromosomal deletion removing approximately 19 kb of DNA at centisome 65 reduces invasion of cultured epithelial cells as well as the expression of lacZY operon fusions to several genes required for the invasive phenotype. As the deleted region contains no genes previously known to affect Salmonella invasion, we investigated the roles of individual genes in the deleted region using a combination of cloning, complementation and directed mutation. We find that the deletion includes two unrelated regulatory genes. One is the Salmonella homologue of Escherichia coli barA (airS ), which encodes a member of the multistep phosphorelay subgroup of two-component sensor kinases. The action of BarA is coupled to that of SirA, a member of the phosphorylated response regulator family of proteins, and includes both HilA-dependent and HilA-independent components. The other regulatory gene removed by the deletion is the Salmonella homologue of E. coli csrB, which specifies a regulatory RNA implicated in controlling specific message turnover in E. coli. These results identify a protein that is likely to play a key role in the environmental control of Salmonella invasion gene expression, and they also suggest that transcriptional control of invasion genes could be subject to refinement at the level of message turnover.

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