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J Head Trauma Rehabil. 1999 Dec;14(6):595-601.

Comparison of remedial and compensatory interventions for adults with acquired brain injuries.

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1
Occupational Therapy Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008-5051, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effects of a compensatory intervention versus a remedial intervention for deficits in visual processing of adults with acquired brain injuries (ABI).

SETTING:

A cognitive rehabilitation program at a large comprehensive rehabilitation hospital in the New York City metropolitan area.

PATIENTS:

Thirty adults with ABI were matched according to severity of injury, gender, age, and time post-injury, and randomly assigned to the remedial or compensatory group.

INTERVENTIONS:

The remedial intervention consisted of four 45-minute sessions (once weekly) of participation in computer tasks without instruction in compensatory strategies. The compensatory intervention consisted of four 45-minute sessions of instruction in the use of three internal compensatory strategies, including verbalization, chunking, and pacing.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Pretest/posttest measures included three functional computer tasks. Weekly measures included a computerized version of the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT) and two computerized matching tasks.

RESULTS:

Both groups exhibited statistically significant improvement of comparable degree on posttests and weekly measures. Further analysis revealed that 80% of both groups used compensatory strategies, regardless of intervention method. Those who used strategies demonstrated better performance than those who did not.

CONCLUSION:

The ability to use internal compensatory strategies may be a significant confound in research examining the effects of the various cognitive rehabilitation intervention methods.

PMID:
10671705
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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