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J Biol Chem. 2000 Feb 18;275(7):4713-8.

Enhancement of (45)Ca(2+) influx and voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel activity by beta-amyloid-(1-40) in rat cortical synaptosomes and cultured cortical neurons. Modulation by the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta.

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Department of Physiology, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland.


Beta-amyloid protein is thought to underlie the neurodegeneration associated with Alzheimer's disease by inducing Ca(2+)-dependent apoptosis. Elevated neuronal expression of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta is an additional feature of neurodegeneration, and in this study we demonstrate that interleukin-1beta modulates the effects of beta-amyloid on Ca(2+) homeostasis in the rat cortex. beta-Amyloid-(1-40) (1 microM) caused a significant increase in (45)Ca(2+) influx into rat cortical synaptosomes via activation of L- and N-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels and also increased the amplitude of N- and P-type Ca(2+) channel currents recorded from cultured cortical neurons. In contrast, interleukin-1beta (5 ng/ml) reduced the (45)Ca(2+) influx into cortical synaptosomes and inhibited Ca(2+) channel activity in cultured cortical neurons. Furthermore, the stimulatory effects of beta-amyloid protein on Ca(2+) influx were blocked following exposure to interleukin-1beta, suggesting that interleukin-1beta may govern neuronal responses to beta-amyloid by regulating Ca(2+) homeostasis.

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