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Neurobiol Dis. 2000 Feb;7(1):1-8.

Immunohistochemical analysis of cerebral cortical and vascular lesions in the primate Microcebus murinus reveal distinct amyloid beta1-42 and beta1-40 immunoreactivity profiles.

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Neuromorphologie Fonctionnelle, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, UM II, Place Bataillon, Montpellier cedex 5, 34095, France.


Recent reports have shown that amyloid beta deposits in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients consist mainly of two distinct species of amyloid beta protein (Abeta) with different C-termini, Abeta1-42 (Abeta42) and Abeta1-40 (Abeta40). The nature of the Abeta species in Microcebus murinus brain was investigated immunocytochemically using polyclonal antibodies with clear specificity for the Abeta42 and Abeta40 C-termini. The cortical vascular deposits were immunopositive for both Abeta42 and Abeta40. However, most of the diffuse plaques were strongly positive for Abeta42 whereas only a subset of deposits were positive for Abeta40. Numerous cortical plaques were Abeta42-immunopositive but tested negative for Abeta40. This suggests that Abeta42 is probably associated with early stages of plaque maturation. This neuropathological feature reminiscent of that observed in brains affected by Alzheimer's disease further supports the idea that M. murinus could be used as a potential model of the early stages of this neurological disease.

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