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J Leukoc Biol. 2000 Feb;67(2):240-8.

Expression of serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase (sgk) mRNA is up-regulated by GM-CSF and other proinflammatory mediators in human granulocytes.

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Cancer Research Group, Ottawa Regional Cancer Centre, Ontario, Canada.


Stimulation of human peripheral blood granulocytes with the proinflammatory cytokine, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), increases incorporation of [3H]uridine into RNA. We investigated the nature of the RNA synthesized under these conditions. Using transcription inhibitors, gel electrophoresis, and high-salt precipitation, it was concluded that as much as 90% of this radiolabeled RNA represents polymerase II transcripts. Differential display reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to identify and clone GM-CSF-responsive mRNAs. Serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase (sgk) mRNA was identified that could be up-regulated 10- to 20-fold by > or =0. 1 ng/mL recombinant human GM-CSF. The 2.6-kb sgk mRNA was induced rapidly (within 30 min) by GM-CSF and remained at high levels for at least 12 h. Up-regulation was blocked completely by the transcription inhibitor, actinomycin D, but not by the translation inhibitor, cycloheximide, nor by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, genistein. Up-regulation did not appear to be caused by enhanced mRNA stability. Other inflammatory mediators could also increase sgk mRNA levels (GM-CSF > > lipopolysaccharide > fMLP = tumor necrosis factor alpha). The function of sgk in granulocytes remains unknown.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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