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J Infect Dis. 2000 Feb;181(2):491-7.

Effect of zidovudine resistance mutations on virologic response to treatment with zidovudine-lamivudine-ritonavir: genotypic analysis of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from AIDS clinical trials group protocol 315.ACTG Protocol 315 Team.

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1
Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA. daniel.kuritzkes@UCHSC.edu

Abstract

The effect of baseline drug resistance mutations on response to zidovudine, lamivudine, and ritonavir was evaluated in zidovudine-experienced persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Presence of the K70R mutation was associated with significantly higher plasma HIV-1 RNA levels at baseline. However, presence of resistance mutations did not affect the increase in plasma HIV-1 RNA during a 5-week drug washout, nor was there any effect on first-phase virus decay rates after initiation of therapy or on the probability of having plasma HIV-1 RNA levels <100 copies/mL at week 48. Polymorphisms at protease codons 10, 36, and 71 were associated with significantly faster second-phase decay rates. Suppression of plasma HIV-1 RNA despite presence of zidovudine resistance mutations implies that the presence of these mutations does not preclude a durable response to treatment with a potent 3-drug regimen.

PMID:
10669331
DOI:
10.1086/315244
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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