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Hum Pathol. 1999 Dec;30(12):1508-14.

LOH at the sites of the DCC, APC, and TP53 tumor suppressor genes occurs in Barrett's metaplasia and dysplasia adjacent to adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.

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Department of Surgery, University of Liverpool, England.


Barrett's esophagus carries a 30- to 100-fold increased risk of adenocarcinoma, which is thought to develop via a metaplasia-dysplasia-carcinoma progression. A common genetic abnormality detected in Barrett's adenocarcinoma is loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the sites of known or putative tumor suppressor genes, of which there are at least 9 associated with esophageal adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to identify at which histological stage of carcinogenesis LOH at these sites occur. Microdissection of multiple paraffin-embedded tissue blocks from 17 esophagogastrectomy specimens of adenocarcinoma arising in Barrett's esophagus yielded areas of metaplasia, low-, intermediate- and high-grade dysplasia, and carcinoma. LOH analysis of microdissected tissues was performed using a double polymerase chain reaction technique with 11 microsatellite primers shown previously to have LOH in at least 30% of esophageal adenocarcinomas. Identical LOH was detected in premalignant and malignant tissues in 4 of 17 patients, and was located at 5q21-q22 (D5S346 primer), 17p11.1-p12 (TCF2 primer), 17p13.1 (TP53 primer), 18q21.1 (detected in colon cancer tumor suppressor gene [DCC] primer), and 18q23-qter (D18S70 primer). These results suggest that LOH at the sites of the DCC, adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), and TP53 tumor suppressor genes occur before the development of adenocarcinoma in Barrett's esophagus, and so merit further study as potential biomarkers of neoplastic progression in patients with Barrett's esophagus undergoing endoscopic and histological surveillance.

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