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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2000 Feb 15;374(2):293-8.

Evidence for requirement of NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase in the microsomal NADPH-sterol Delta7-reductase system.

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Department of Biochemistry, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, 060-8638, Japan.


Rabbit antibodies raised against the hydrophilic part of microsomal NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (denoted fpT) demonstrated a marked ability to inhibit NADPH-sterol Delta7-reductase activity. In addition, trypsin and proteinase K treatment of microsomes removed almost all microsomal electron transfer constituents from the microsomes, but the Delta7-reductase activity could be reconstituted by adding detergent-solubilized NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (denoted OR). Furthermore, after solubilization from microsomes, the Delta7-reductase activity could be reconstituted with OR in a DEAE-cellulose column chromatography eluate fraction, which contained little OR activity. In the microsomal system, carbon monoxide, ketoconazole, and miconazole, specific inhibitors of cytochrome P450, had no effect on Delta7-reductase activity. These results provide the first evidence of an essential requirement of OR, which is distinct from cytochrome P450, in the NADPH-sterol Delta7-reductase system. EDTA, o-phenanthroline and KCN markedly lowered Delta7-reductase activity in a dose-dependent manner. Among metal ions tested, only ferric ion restored the reductase activity in the EDTA-treated microsomes. These results sugguest that NADPH-sterol Delta7-reductase is membrane-bound iron-dependent protein embedded in the microsomal lipid bilayer.

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