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Hum Pathol. 2000 Jan;31(1):126-8.

Benign metastasizing leiomyoma: a cytogenetically balanced but clonal disease.

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Institute of Pathology and Department of Internal Medicine, Aachen University of Technology, Germany.


Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is a rare condition, characterized by the occurrence of multiple smooth-muscle nodules, most often located in the lung after previous hysterectomy because of histologically benign appearing leiomyoma. Although the condition resembles a metastatic process, case studies provided evidence that it may be the result of an intravenous leiomyomatosis or an independent and multifocal smooth-muscle proliferation. Comparative genomic hybridization and X-chromosome inactivation analysis were used in a case of BML to determine whether pulmonary and uterine tumors are related one to another. A balanced karyotype, previously reported in leiomyomas and an identical X-chromosome inactivation pattern found in all tumorlets, is most consistent with a monoclonal origin of both uterine and pulmonary tumors and the interpretation that pulmonary lesions are metastatic.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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