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Jpn J Cancer Res. 1999 Dec;90(12):1387-95.

Evaluation of antivascular and antimitotic effects of tubulin binding agents in solid tumor therapy.

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1
Pharmaceutical Research Laboratories, Ajinomoto Co., Inc., Kawasaki. nihei@ea.mbn.or.jp

Abstract

Tubulin binding agents (TBAs) reduce tumor perfusion and inhibit mitosis of tumor cells in solid tumors, but it is not clear which effects contribute to the suppression of solid tumor growth. We evaluated the antivascular and antimitotic effects of several TBAs, combretastatin A-4 (CS A-4) phosphate, AC-7700, a novel CS A-4 derivative, colchicine, E7010, and vinblastine, on subcutaneous (s.c.) murine colon26 adenocarcinoma (c26). Tolerable doses of vinblastine and E7010) strongly inhibited tumor growth and induced mitotic arrest of tumor cells without affecting tumor perfusion. Colchicine had no effect on tumor growth and perfusion. When the injected dose was increased to the lethal range, however, these drugs markedly reduced tumor perfusion and caused necrosis of tumor tissue. Within the tolerable dose range, AC-7700 both strongly suppressed tumor growth and reduced tumor perfusion, and CS A-4 phosphate also exhibited a moderate antivascular effect. To evaluate the contribution of antivascular activity of TBAs to tumor growth suppression, excluding their direct cytotoxic effect on tumor cells, we established c26/acr, which is resistant to TBAs in vitro. Although E7010 showed a reduced suppressive effect on s.c. c26/acr tumor growth as compared with its effect on wild-type c26, AC-7700 remained potent against both cell lines. These results indicate that TBAs exert antivascular and antimitotic effects on solid tumors with marked differently effective dose ranges from agent to agent, and that the antivascular effect of TBAs inhibits solid tumor growth independently of the direct cytotoxic effect on tumor cells.

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