Send to

Choose Destination
FEBS Lett. 2000 Feb 4;467(1):1-6.

A Raf-induced, MEK-independent signaling pathway regulates atrial natriuretic factor gene expression in cardiac muscle cells.

Author information

Huntsman Cancer Institute, Department of Oncological Sciences, University of Utah, 2000 Circle of Hope, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA.


The atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) gene is activated in cardiac myocytes by Ras and its effector Raf. However, MEK, the best-characterized Raf substrate, cannot efficiently activate ANF suggesting that Raf uses a MEK-independent pathway to activate ANF. By manipulating MEK and Raf activities so that they are equally effective at activating ERK, we now demonstrate that Raf activates at least two signaling pathways in cardiac myocytes that regulate the ANF promoter; the MEK-->ERK pathway inhibits ANF gene expression while a Raf-induced, MEK-independent pathway activates expression. This mechanism may provide increased ability to regulate ANF expression in response to hypertrophic stimuli.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center