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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2000 Feb;126(2):85-90.

Effects of all-trans retinoic acid and epidermal growth factor on the expression of nm23-H1 in human hepatocarcinoma cells.

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Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research, Ministry of Health, Shanghai Medical University, Shanghai, 200032, China.


The effects of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the expression of nm23-H1, a metastasis suppressor gene, were studied in a human 7721 hepatocarcinoma cell line. It was discovered that the expression of nm23-H1 mRNA was up-regulated by ATRA. This was compatible with the observation that the metastasis-associated phenotypes, such as chemotaxic cell migration and invasion, were both reduced in the ATRA-treated and nm23-H1-cDNA-transferred 7721 cells. However, ability of cells to adhere to fibronectin and laminin was not altered identically in the ATRA-treated and nm23-H1-cDNA-transfected 7721 cells. In contrast, the expression of nm23-H1 mRNA in 7721 cells was down-regulated both by the treatment with EGF and by the transfection of c-erbB-2/neu cDNA, which codes a protein homologous to the EGF receptor. EGF is a compound with biological effects opposite to those of ATRA, and c-erbB-2/neu is known to be a metastasis-promoting gene. These results reveal that the metastasis-preventing effect of ATRA may partly result from the up-regulation of nm23-H1, and the metastasis-promoting effects of EGF and c-erbB-2/neu were probably mediated in part by the down-regulation of nm23-H1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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