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Histochem Cell Biol. 2000 Jan;113(1):61-70.

A (1-->3,6)-beta-d-galactosyl epitope containing uronic acids associated with bioactive pectins occurs in discrete cell wall domains in hypocotyl and root tissues of flax seedlings.

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ESA CNRS 6037, University of Rouen, 76821 Mont Saint Aignan, France.


We have used a well-characterized antibody specific for an epitope consisting of (1-->3,6)-beta-d-galactosyl residues with terminal glucuronic or 4-O-methylglucuronic acids of a bioactive pectin and immunocytochemistry to investigate its secretion and wall distribution in the hypocotyl and root tissues of flax seedlings. Our results show that this antigenic epitope is associated with flax pectins and is expressed by all the cells of the hypocotyl and root tissues. In the hypocotyl, it is abundant in the primary wall of epidermal cells as well as in the secondary wall of fiber cells, and is relatively less abundant in parenchyma cell walls. In contrast, the epitope is not detected in the middle lamellae and cell junction regions. In the root tip cells, immunogold electron microscopy shows that the cell walls of peripheral, columella, meristematic, cortical, and epidermal cells contain significant amounts of this epitope and that the distribution patterns are distinct. Together, these findings show that the antigenic epitope occurs in discrete domains of the wall implying a strict spatial regulation of the epitope-containing molecules. The results also show that, in root cells, the epitope is present within Golgi cisternae and is predominantly assembled in the trans and the trans-Golgi network compartments.

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