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Ophthalmologe. 2000 Jan;97(1):22-6.

[A case of Leber optic neuropathy with a new point mutation in the cytochrome b gene].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Molekulargenetisches Labor, Universitäts-Augenklinik Tübingen.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is associated with mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). We report the clinical and molecular genetic findings of a patient who does not carry any of the common LHON mutations.

METHODS:

Clinical data were collected for the affected patient and two unaffected maternal family members. Complete sequence analysis of the mtDNA protein coding region was performed in the affected patient.

RESULTS:

Clinical examination of the affected patient showed typical features of LHON. A nucleotide exchange was detected at np14894 replacing an evolutionarily conserved phenylalanine by a leucine in the cytochrome b gene. The mutation was also present in two unaffected maternal family members, but absent in 60 other LHON lineages and 175 unrelated controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cytochrome b plays an important role in the electron transport chain of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, and some mutations in the gene encoding cytochrome b have been associated with LHON. Our results may imply that the novel mutation at np14894 is responsible for LHON in this family.

PMID:
10663786
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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