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Virology. 2000 Feb 15;267(2):326-34.

Herpes simplex virus infection blocks events in the G1 phase of the cell cycle.

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Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School, 200 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Infection of cells in G1 phase with herpes simplex virus (HSV) prevents their progression into S phase (de Bruyn Kops, A., and Knipe, D. M., 1988, Cell 55, 857-868). We have examined G1-phase events in infected cells to determine whether this effect was the result of inhibition of G1 phase progression or of entry into S phase. We observed that HSV infection decreased pRb phosphorylation and induced a new phosphorylated form of pRb. Furthermore, HSV infection prevented the normal G1 increases in cyclin D1 and D3 protein levels, and blocked the normal G1 appearance of new electrophoretic forms of cdk2 and cdk4. Thus, HSV infection inhibits several events that normally occur in the cell cycle during G1 phase, arguing that the HSV-induced block in the cell cycle occurs in early to mid-G1 phase.

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