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Genomics. 2000 Jan 1;63(1):88-96.

Genomic organization, mapping, tissue expression, and hormonal regulation of trypsin-like serine protease (TLSP PRSS20), a new member of the human kallikrein gene family.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1X5, Canada.


The cDNA for the trypsin-like serine protease gene (TLSP, HGMW-approved symbol PRSS20) has been recently identified. TLSP is expressed in brain and skin tissues but little else is known about this new serine protease gene. In this paper, we describe the complete genomic organization and precise mapping of the TLSP gene. This gene spans 5.3 kb of genomic sequence on chromosome 19q13.3-q13. 4. The gene consists of six exons, the first of which is untranslated. All splice junctions follow the GT/AG rule, and the intron phases are identical to those of other kallikrein-like genes, including zyme (PRSS9), NES1 (PRSSL1), and neuropsin (PRSS19). Fine-mapping of the area indicates that TLSP lies downstream from the PSA, zyme, neuropsin, and NES1 genes. Significant sequence homologies were found between TLSP and other human kallikreins. Furthermore, there is conservation of the catalytic triad (histidine, aspartic acid, serine) and of the number of coding exons (five; the same in all members of the kallikrein gene family). We thus suggest that TLSP is a new member of the human kallikrein gene family. TLSP is expressed in many tissues including cerebellum, prostate, salivary glands, stomach, lung, thymus, small intestine, spleen, liver, and uterus. TLSP expression appears to be regulated by steroid hormones in the breast carcinoma cell line BT-474.

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