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Int J Aging Hum Dev. 1999;49(3):197-212.

Old age support in China: the role of the state and the family.

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University of Texas at Arlington, USA.


This study investigates the relationship between some support factors and the well-being of the elderly in China. The analytical models identify and compare the effects of each type of factor on the sense of well-being of elderly Chinese across rural and urban settings. Pension, health care, size of family, and living arrangements are the factors found to be significantly related to the perception of happiness among aged people in general. The strength of the effects of children and living arrangements varies depending on places of residency. The findings indicate the continuous role of the family support, and the increasingly important role of state support in promoting a sense of well-being among elderly Chinese.

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