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Genome. 1999 Dec;42(6):1100-10.

Disease resistance gene analogs as candidates for QTLs involved in pepper-pathogen interactions.

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Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unité de Génétique et d'Amélioration des Fruits et Légumes, Domaine Saint-Maurice, Montfavet, France.


Whereas resistance genes (R-genes) governing qualitative resistance have been isolated and characterized, the biological roles of genes governing quantitative resistance (quantitative trait loci, QTLs) are still unknown. We hypothesized that genes at QTLs could share homologies with cloned R-genes. We used a PCR-based approach to isolate R-gene analogs (RGAs) with consensus primers corresponding with conserved domains of cloned R-genes: (i) the nucleotide binding site (NBS) and hydrophobic domain, and (ii) the kinase domain. PCR-amplified fragments were sequenced and mapped on a pepper intraspecific map. NBS-containing sequences of pepper, most similar to the N gene of tobacco, were classified into seven families and all mapped in a unique region covering 64 cM on the Noir chromosome. Kinase domain containing sequences and cloned R-gene homologs (Pto, Fen, Cf-2) were mapped on four different linkage groups. A QTL involved in partial resistance to cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) with an additive effect was closely linked or allelic to one NBS-type family. QTLs with epistatic effects were also detected at several RGA loci. The colocalizations between NBS-containing sequences and resistance QTLs suggest that the mechanisms of qualitative and quantitative resistance may be similar in some cases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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