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Bioorg Med Chem. 1999 Dec;7(12):2697-704.

Synthesis of the nanomolar photoaffinity GABA(B) receptor ligand CGP 71872 reveals diversity in the tissue distribution of GABA(B) receptor forms.

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Department of Chemistry, Merck Frosst Centre for Therapeutic Research, Kirkland, Quebec, Canada.


A radioiodinated probe, [125I]-CGP 71872, containing an azido group that can be photoactivated, was synthesized and used to characterize GABA(B) receptors. Photoaffinity labeling experiments using crude membranes prepared from rat brain revealed two predominant ligand binding species at approximately 130 and approximately 100 kDa believed to represent the long (GABA(B)R1a) and short (GABA(B)R1b) forms of the receptor. Indeed, these ligand binding proteins were immunoprecipitated using a GABA(B) receptor-specific antibody confirming the receptor specificity of the photoaffinity probe. Most convincingly, [125I]-CGP 71872 binding was competitively inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by cold CGP 71872, GABA, saclofen, (-)-baclofen, (+)-baclofen and (L)-glutamic acid with a rank order and stereospecificity characteristic of the GABA(B) receptor. Photoaffinity labeling experiments revealed that the recombinant GABA(B)R2 receptor does not bind [125I]-CGP 71872, providing surprising and direct evidence that CGP 71872 is a GABA(B)R1 selective antagonist. Photoaffinity labeling experiments using rat tissues showed that both GABA(B)R1a and GABA(B)R1b are co-expressed in the brain, spinal cord, stomach and testis, but only the short GABA(B)R1b receptor form was detected in kidney and liver whereas the long GABA(B)R1a form was selectively expressed in the adrenal gland, pituitary, spleen and prostate. We report herein the synthesis and biochemical characterization of the nanomolar affinity [125I]-CGP 71872 and CGP 71872 GABA(B)R1 ligands, and differential tissue expression of the long GABA(B)R1a and short GABA(B)R1b receptor forms in rat and dog.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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