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FASEB J. 2000 Feb;14(2):255-60.

Antisense oligonucleotides against cytochrome P450 2C8 attenuate EDHF-mediated Ca(2+) changes and dilation in isolated resistance arteries.

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1
Physiologisches Institut, Ludwig Maximilians Universit√§t, M√ľnchen, Germany. bolz@lrz.uni-muenchen.de

Abstract

Using a novel vessel culture technique in combination with antisense oligonucleotide transfection, we tested whether the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) is a cytochrome P450 (CYP)-related compound. Isolated resistance arteries from hamster gracilis muscle (n=19) were perfused and exposed to antisense (As), sense (S), or scrambled (Scr) oligonucleotides against the coding region of CYP2C8/9, an isoform expressed in endothelial cells. Thereafter, NO- and prostaglandin-independent, EDHF-mediated vascular responses associated with hyperpolarization [i.e., decrease in smooth muscle calcium (Fura 2) and vasodilation] were studied after the application of acetylcholine (ACh). These EDHF-mediated responses were markedly attenuated (by 70%) by As- but not by S- or Scr-oligonucleotide treatment. However, the responses to norepinephrine (0.3 micromol/l), the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (1 micromol/l), and the K(Ca) channel activator NS1619 (100 micromol/l) were unaltered. As treatment, which specifically targeted the endothelial layer (as assessed by confocal microscopy), had no inhibitory effect on increases in endothelial calcium to ACh. It is concluded that a CYP2C8/9-related isoform functions as an EDHF synthase in hamster resistance arteries and that a product of this enzyme is an EDHF, or at least an integral part of the signaling cascade leading to EDHF-mediated responses.-Bolz, S.-S., Fisslthaler, B., Pieperhoff, S., de Wit, C., Fleming, I., Busse, R., Pohl, U. Antisense oligonucleotides against cytochrome P450 2C8 attenuate EDHF-mediated Ca(2+) changes and dilation in isolated resistance arteries.

PMID:
10657982
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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