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Atherosclerosis. 2000 Feb;148(2):345-52.

Evaluation of the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase gene in human stroke.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. nkato@med.teikyo-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) and its reactant product, peroxynitrite, have been implied to mediate neuronal damage following cerebral ischemia. However, the cellular targets of these compounds remain unclear. Studies using poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors and PARP knock-out mice have recently demonstrated that excessive activation of this nuclear enzyme plays an important role in NO-induced neurotoxicity. To evaluate the relevance of this plausible candidate gene to human stroke, we undertook a case-control study in Japanese. Participants comprised 213 cerebral infarction cases and 374 age- and sex-matched controls. As a primary investigation, we screened polymorphic sites of the PARP gene, and newly identified a total of four polymorphisms in 1230-bp 5'-flanking sequence. None of them were, however, located on the known promoter components of the gene. Two bi-allelic polymorphisms selected and a CA-repeat polymorphism were subsequently characterized in the case-control study, but none were significantly associated with cerebral infarction in the present study. Our data thus suggest that the tested PARP polymorphisms do not principally contribute to cerebral infarction, although extensive searches would be required to clarify whether the PARP gene plays an important role in the pathogenesis of human stroke.

PMID:
10657571
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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