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Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2000 Jan;13(1):6-13.

Resistance of tomato line Hawaii7996 to Ralstonia solanacearum Pss4 in Taiwan is controlled mainly by a major strain-specific locus.

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Bacteriology Unit, AVRDC, Shanhua, Tainan, Taiwan.


Bacterial wilt caused by the soilborne bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum attacks hundreds of plant species, including many agriculturally important crops. Natural resistance to this disease has been found in some species and is usually inherited as a polygenic trait. In tomato, a model crop plant, genetic analysis previously revealed the involvement of several QTL (quantitative trait loci) controlling resistance and, in all of these studies with different strains of the pathogen, loci on chromosome 6 played the predominant role in controlling this trait. Using quantitative data collected from a greenhouse test F3 population, we identified a new locus on chromosome 12 that appears to be active specifically against a race 1 biovar 3 Pss4 bacterial strain endemic to Taiwan. Chromosome 6 still contributes significantly to the control of the resistance, and weaker associations of the trait to other regions of the genome are observed. These results are discussed in the context of current molecular knowledge about the strain specificity of disease resistance genes.

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