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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Feb 1;97(3):1020-5.

CBP/p300 interact with and function as transcriptional coactivators of BRCA1.

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  • 1Laboratory of Genetics, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


BRCA1 is a breast and ovarian cancer-specific tumor suppressor, with properties of a transcription factor involved in DNA repair. We previously have shown the transactivation of heterologous promoters by the carboxyl terminus of BRCA1. We now describe that BRCA1-mediated transactivation is enhanced by p300/CBP (CREB binding protein) and that this effect was suppressed by the adenovirus E1A oncoprotein. We show a physical association of BRCA1 with the transcriptional coactivators/acetyltransferases p300 and CBP. Endogenous as well as overexpressed BRCA1 and p300 were found to associate in a phosphorylation-independent manner. BRCA1 interacts with the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) domain of p300/CBP via both its amino and carboxyl termini. Finally, full-length BRCA1 is shown to transcriptionally activate the Rous sarcoma virus-long terminal repeat promoter, which was further stimulated by p300. Immunocolocalization analyses suggest that BRCA1 and p300 associate in a cell cycle-dependent manner. Our results support a role for BRCA1 in transcription.

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