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Hum Reprod. 2000 Feb;15(2):250-5.

High serum oestradiol concentrations in fresh IVF cycles do not impair implantation and pregnancy rates in subsequent frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles.

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Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China.


High oestradiol concentrations may be detrimental to the success of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. A total of 1122 women aged <40 years who were undergoing their first IVF cycle were evaluated retrospectively. Serum oestradiol concentrations on the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) administration were categorized into three groups: group A <10 000 pmol/l; group B 10 000-20 000 pmol/l and group C >20 000 pmol/l. In fresh cycles, group A had significantly lower pregnancy rates per transfer (16.2 versus 23.7% respectively, P = 0.005, chi(2)) and implantation rates (8.7 versus 11.7% respectively, P = 0.037, chi(2)), when compared with group B. The pregnancy rate per transfer in group C was significantly lower than that in group B (12.1 versus 23.7%, P = 0.049, chi(2)) and group C had the lowest implantation rate (6.4%). In frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles, implantation rates in groups A, B and C were similar (7.5, 8.1 and 9.6% respectively) and the pregnancy rates were also comparable in all groups. In conclusion, high serum oestradiol concentrations in fresh IVF cycles may adversely affect implantation and pregnancy rates. Embryo quality seemed unaffected as excess embryos from different groups had similar implantation and pregnancy rates in frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles. The reduced implantation was probably due to an adverse endometrial environment resulting from high serum oestradiol concentrations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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