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Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2000 Jan;21(1 Suppl):S22-31.

The microbial genetics of antibiotic cycling.

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Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Infectious Diseases, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903-0019, USA.


Cycling of currently available antibiotics to reduce resistance is an attractive concept. For cycling strategies to be successful, their implementation must have a demonstrable impact on the prevalence of resistance determinants already dispersed throughout the hospital and associated healthcare facilities. While antibiotic use in hospitals clearly constitutes a stimulus for the emergence of resistance, it is by no means the only important factor. The incorporation of resistance determinants into potentially stable genetic structures, including bacteriophages, plasmids, transposons, and the more newly discovered movable elements termed integrons and gene cassettes, forces some degree of skepticism about the potential for such strategies in institutions where resistance determinants are already prevalent. In particular, the expanding role of integrons may pose an ultimate threat to formulary manipulations such as cycling. Despite these concerns, the crisis posed by antimicrobial resistance warrants investigation of any strategy with the potential for reducing the prevalence of resistance. Over the next decade, new studies with carefully designed outcomes should determine the utility of antibiotic cycling as one control measure for nosocomial resistance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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