Send to

Choose Destination
J Nat Prod. 1999 Dec;62(12):1624-6.

DNA polymerase beta inhibitors from Baeckea gunniana.

Author information

Department of Chemistry, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22901, USA.


Crude plant extracts were surveyed for their ability to inhibit DNA polymerase beta. A methyl ethyl ketone extract prepared from Baeckea gunniana was identified as a potent inhibitor of the enzyme. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the extract, using an assay to monitor the inhibitory potential of individual fractions toward DNA polymerase beta, led to the isolation of four active ursane and oleanane triterpenoids (1-4). Inhibitory principle 1 is a new natural product, and 2 is a novel compound. Their structures were established as 3 beta-hydroxyrus-12,19(29)-dien-28-oic acid (1) and 3 beta-hydroxyrus-18,20(30)-dien-28-oic acid (2) by spectroscopic analysis and by comparison with the data for the structurally related compound ursolic acid (4). Also isolated as a DNA polymerase beta inhibitor was oleanolic acid (3). Compounds 1-4 had IC50 values of 5.3-8.5 microM as inhibitors of polymerase beta in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and 2.5-4.8 microM in the absence of BSA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center