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Emerg Infect Dis. 2000 Jan-Feb;6(1):36-41.

Norwalk-like calicivirus genes in farm animals.

Author information

1
National Institute of Public Health, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. Wim.van.der.Poel@rivm.nl

Abstract

Viruses closely related to Norwalk-like viruses (NLVs) were recently found in stored stool samples from two calves (United Kingdom and Germany) and four pigs (Japan), sparking discussions about the potential for zoonotic transmission. To investigate if NLVs are commonly present in farm animals, pooled stool samples from 100 pig farms, 48 chicken farms, 43 dairy cow herds, and 75 veal calf farms from the Netherlands were assayed by reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction amplification, using primers specific for the detection of NLVs from humans. NLV RNA was detected in 33 (44%) of the specimens from veal calf farms and two (2%) specimens from pig farms. Our data show that NLV infections until recently thought to be restricted to humans occur often in calves and sometimes in pigs. While zoonotic transmission has not been proven, these findings suggest that calves and pigs may be reservoir hosts of NLVs.

PMID:
10653567
PMCID:
PMC2627973
DOI:
10.3201/eid0601.000106
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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