Send to

Choose Destination
J Biol Chem. 2000 Feb 4;275(5):3288-95.

Mapping of Eps15 domains involved in its targeting to clathrin-coated pits.

Author information

INSERM E9925, Faculté Necker-Enfants Malades, 156 rue de Vaugirard, 75730 Paris, Cedex 15, France.


Clathrin-coated pit (CCP) formation occurs as a result of the targeting and assembly of cytosolic coat proteins, mainly the plasma membrane clathrin-associated protein complex (AP-2) and clathrin, to the intracellular face of the plasma membrane. In the present study, the mechanisms by which Eps15, an AP-2-binding protein, is targeted to CCPs was analyzed by following the intracellular localization of Eps15 mutants fused to the green fluorescent protein. Our previous results indicated that the N-terminal Eps15 homology (EH) domains are required for CCP targeting. We now show that EH domains are, however, not sufficient for targeting to CCPs. Similarly, neither the central coiled-coil nor the C-terminal AP-2 binding domains were able to address green fluorescent protein to CCPs. Thus, targeting of Eps15 to CCPs likely results from the collaboration between EH domains and another domain of the protein. An Eps15 mutant lacking the coiled-coil domain localized to CCPs showing that Eps15 dimerization is not strictly required. In contrast, Eps15 mutants lacking all AP-2 binding sites showed a dramatic decrease in plasma membrane staining, showing that AP-2 binding sites, together with EH domains, play an important role in targeting Eps15 into CCPs. Finally, the effect of the Eps15 mutants on clathrin-dependent endocytosis was tested by both immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. The results obtained showed that inhibition of transferrin uptake was observed only with mutants able to interfere with CCP assembly.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center