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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2000 Jan;52(1):25-33.

Circadian variation in serum free and total insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-II in untreated and treated acromegaly and growth hormone deficiency.

Author information

1
Medical Research Laboratories, Institute of Experimental Clinical Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aarhus University, Denmark. csk@dadlnet.dk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

It is generally accepted that there is no clinically significant circadian variation in total insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I or total IGF-II in healthy subjects. In contrast there is a significant nocturnal decrease in free IGF-I in healthy subjects, corresponding to the nocturnal increase in IGF binding protein-1. In this study we have investigated the circadian variation in circulating free IGF-I and IGF-II in patients with acromegaly and patients with adult onset growth hormone deficiency.

PATIENTS:

Seven acromegalic patients were studied with and without treatment with a slow-release formulation of octreotide. Seven GH-deficient patients were studied without GH replacement. In addition 5 of the GH-deficient patients were studied during GH replacement.

DESIGN:

Serum samples were obtained every hour for 24 h. Free IGF-I and IGF-II were measured every 2nd hour. Total IGF-I and IGF-II were measured every 2nd hour (acromegalic patients) or every 4th hour (GH deficient patients). IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-1 was measured every 2nd hour (acromegalic patients) or every hour (GH deficient patients).

RESULTS:

In the untreated acromegalic patients there was a significant nocturnal decrease in free IGF-I, but not free IGF-II, before treatment. During treatment there was a significant nocturnal decrease in both free IGF-I and free IGF-II. Peak values of free IGF-I were 112% and 75% above trough (treatment and withdrawal, respectively). In the GH-deficient patients there were no significant circadian variations in free IGF-I or free IGF-II in either of the two occasions. In contrast, there was a significant circadian variation of total IGF-I after adjustment for changes in plasma volume in both treated and untreated acromegaly and GH deficiency in all cases with a peak between 0300 h and 0400 h. The nocturnal increase in total IGF-I ranged from 20% to 35%.

CONCLUSIONS:

A significant circadian variation in free IGF-I and IGF-II was demonstrated in acromegalic patients. In contrast no significant circadian variation in free IGF-I and IGF-II was found in GH-deficient patients. Part of the variations may be due to poorly understood variations in IGF-I release. It is not clear whether and to what extent the observed circadian changes in free and total IGF-I are involved in circadian changes in IGF-I bioactivity.

PMID:
10651750
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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