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Endocrinology. 2000 Feb;141(2):581-97.

The human NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase gene promoter is controlled by Ets and activating protein-1 transcription factors and progesterone.

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IHF Institute for Hormone and Fertility Research, University of Hamburg, Germany.


NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) is a key catabolic enzyme in the inactivation of PGF2alpha and PGE2 and therefore serves as an important determinant in regulating their local concentrations. To gain insights into the transcriptional regulation of this enzyme, we have isolated 3.5 kb of the 5'-flanking sequence of the human PGDH promoter and characterized its control in hemopoietic cells and cells of myometrial and placental origin. Several potential binding sites for cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB), Ets, and activating protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factors are present within 2368 bp of the 5'-flanking region. This region and deletions thereof were fused to the luciferase reporter gene and used for transient transfection experiments. In Jurkat leukemic T cells, which express PGDH endogenously, the transfected PGDH promoter was strongly induced by phorbol ester. Induction was reversed by coexpression of A-Fos, a dominant negative to AP-1. In primary cultures of myometrial smooth muscle cells (SMC), the Ets family members Ets-1, Ets-2, and PEA3 potently stimulated transcriptional activity of the PGDH promoter. PEA3-mediated activation was partially repressed by A-Fos, suggesting an involvement of AP-1 proteins, which might be conferred by a distal and a proximal Ets/ AP-1 composite element. The distal Ets/AP-1 element is flanked by two CRE-like sequences. Cotransfection of A-CREB, a dominant negative to CREB, inhibited stimulation of PGDH-2368/luc3 by PEA3 in myometrial SMC, whereas treatment with 8-bromo-cAMP moderately enhanced promoter activity. Progesterone is believed to be an important stimulus for PGDH expression in the utero-placental unit, thus contributing to the maintenance of a quiescent uterus during pregnancy. In myometrial SMC, both isoforms of the progesterone receptor, PR-B and PR-A, caused a ligand-dependent activation of PGDH-2368/luc3. Transcriptional activity of PR-B, but not PR-A, was further enhanced by the addition of 8-bromo-cAMP. We could not confirm a recently proposed transcriptional control of PGDH by mineralocorticoid receptor. No effect of mineralocorticoid receptor, in the absence or presence of aldosterone, with or without 8-bromo-cAMP, was observed on PGDH-2368/luc3. Taken together, these findings demonstrate control of the PGDH promoter by multiple pathways and provide evidence for cross-talk among Ets, AP-1, cAMP, and PR-mediated signaling, suggesting complex regulatory mechanisms for the expression of PGDH.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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