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Anticancer Res. 1999 Sep-Oct;19(5C):4375-8.

Stromal thrombospondin-1 expression is correlated with progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas.

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Department of Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan.


Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) is an extracellular matrix glycoproteins that affecting cell adhesion, motility and growth. Based on its effects on tumors, TSP1 is thought to be a potential regulator of tumor growth and metastasis. In this study, we clarified TSP1 immunoreactivity in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and its clinicopathological significance. TSP1 immunoreactivity was detected mainly in the cancer stroma and was observed infrequently in cancer cells. According to the TNM classification, 70.6% (12/17) of the T3 esophageal cancers were TSP1-positive, while only 26.9% (7/26) of the Tis and T1 cancers showed TSP1 expression. Lymph node metastasis and venous involvement was frequently found in the TSP1-positive cases (71.4% and 80.0%, respectively) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (p < 0.001). This observation suggested that TSP1 expression plays an important role in cancer cell growth and metastasis of human esophageal squamous cell carcinomas, and that stromal TSP1 immunoreactivity is a good predictor of venous involvement and lymph node metastasis.

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