Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Physiol Biochem. 1999 Apr;107(2):97-112.

Cardiorespiratory responses to interleukin-1beta in adult rats: role of nitric oxide, eicosanoids and glucocorticoids.

Author information

Department of Pediatrics and Physiology, Constance S. Kaufman Pediatric Pulmonary Research Laboratory, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.


Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) receptors are abundantly expressed in brain stem regions involved in respiratory control. We hypothesized that systemic administration of IL-1beta would increase ventilation (V(E )), and that nitric oxide, eicosanoids, and glucocorticoid receptors would modulate IL-1beta-induced cardioventilatory responses. Intravenous injections of three doses (37.5 ng kg(-1), 75 ng kg(-1 ) and 150 ng kg(-1)) of IL-1b induced monophasic increases in (V(E)), heart rate (HR), and blood pressure (BP) which had a distinctly different onset and duration of action compared to IL-1beta-induced body temperature elevations. Pre-treatment with the nitric oxide inhibitor L-NAME was associated with decreased peak V(E) responses, without affecting the latency and duration of IL-1beta. L-NAME also enhanced HR responses while pressor responses were attenuated. Eicosanoid inhibition with indomethacin resulted in markedly attenuated V responses. However, cardiovascular responses to IL-1beta were not modified by indomethacin. In contrast, pre-treatment with dexamethasone, was not associated with any changes in the IL-1beta-induced V(E), HR, or BP responses. We conclude that IL-1beta increases of V(E) are dose-dependent and are not time-locked with the pyrexic response suggesting the possibility that distinct neural pathways may underlie these responses. In addition, nitric oxide and eicosanoid-dependent mechanisms modulate IL-1beta ventilatory effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center