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Eur J Pharmacol. 2000 Jan 10;387(2):119-24.

Mechanism of damnacanthal-induced [Ca(2+)](i) elevation in human dermal fibroblasts.

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Department of Neurosurgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS 39216, USA.


Damnacanthal is a potent and selective inhibitor of p56(lck) tyrosine kinase in a variety of tissues. We have found, however, using the Ca(2+) microfluorimetry technique, that damnacanthal releases intracellular Ca(2+) stores and promotes Ca(2+) entry in human dermal fibroblasts. The effect of damnacanthal on the peak [Ca(2+)](i) values and the latent time to the peak was concentration-dependent. Damnacanthal releases Ca(2+) from thapsigargin-sensitive Ca(2+) stores, and the Ca(2+) stores responding to damnacanthal were overlapped with those of bradykinin. Damnacanthal-induced Ca(2+) entry was mediated by voltage-dependent and voltage-independent Ca(2+) channels. This effect of damnacanthal on intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization was also observed in cultured bovine coronary endothelial cells but not demonstrated in freshly isolated rat basilar smooth muscle cells. Our study suggests that damnacanthal increases intracellular Ca(2+) by releasing Ca(2+) from internal stores and promoting Ca(2+) entry. The relationship between the actions of damnacanthal on tyrosine kinase and intracellular Ca(2+) requires further investigation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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