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Arch Microbiol. 2000 Jan;173(1):42-8.

Biochemical controls of citrate synthase in chickpea bacteroids.

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Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.


Bacteroids formed by Mesorhizobium ciceri CC 1192 in symbiosis with chickpea plants (Cicer arietinum L.) contained a single form of citrate synthase [citrate oxaloacetate-lyase (CoA-acetylating) enzyme; EC], which had the same electrophoretic mobility as the enzyme from the free-living cells. The citrate synthase from CC 1192 bacteroids had a native molecular mass of 228 +/- 32 kDa and was activated by KCl, which also enhanced stability. Double reciprocal plots of initial velocity against acetyl-CoA concentration were linear, whereas the corresponding plots with oxaloacetate were nonlinear. The Km value for acetyl-CoA was 174 microM in the absence of added KCl, and 88 microM when the concentration of KCl in reaction mixtures was 100 mM. The concentrations of oxaloacetate for 50% of maximal activity were 27 microM without added KCl and 14 microM in the presence of 100 mM KCl. Activity of citrate synthase was inhibited 50% by 80 microM NADH and more than 90% by 200 microM NADH. Inhibition by NADH was linear competitive with respect to acetyl-CoA (Kis = 23.1 +/- 3 microM) and linear noncompetitive with respect to oxaloacetate (Kis = 56 +/- 3.8 microM and Kii = 115 +/- 15.4 microM). NADH inhibition was relieved by NAD+ and by micromolar concentrations of 5'-AMP. In the presence of 50 or 100 mM KCl, inhibition by NADH was apparent only when the proportion of NADH in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide pool was greater than 0.6. In the microaerobic environment of bacteroids, NADH may be at concentrations that are inhibitory for citrate synthase. However, this inhibition is likely to be relieved by NAD+ and 5'-AMP, allowing carbon to enter the tricarboxylic acid cycle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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