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Toxicology. 1999 Dec 20;142(1):69-75.

The susceptibility to nephrotoxicity of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats subchronically exposed to cadmium chloride in drinking water.

Author information

1
Department of Environmental Medicine, UmeƄ University, Sweden.

Abstract

Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and normal non-diabetic (ND) rats were exposed to cadmium chloride in drinking water in doses of 0, 50 and 100 ppm for 90 days. There was a dose-related increase in urinary protein and enzymes in the diabetic group, but an increase in proteinuria only in the high exposure subgroup of the ND group. It is suggested that diabetic rats induced by streptozotocin are more susceptible to cadmium nephrotoxicity than normal (ND) rats. Metallothionein synthesis in liver was estimated to be similar in both the diabetic and non-diabetic groups after exposure to cadmium. Less excretion of cadmium in urine and greater accumulation of cadmium in kidney were observed in the diabetic group, and this may be one of the mechanisms underlying the susceptibility of diabetic animals to the effects of cadmium. Further biochemical and histological studies are required in order to explain the detailed events involved in inducing such changes in the toxicokinetics of cadmium.

PMID:
10647919
DOI:
10.1016/s0300-483x(99)00135-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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