Send to

Choose Destination
J Biochem Biophys Methods. 2000 Jan 3;42(1-2):1-14.

The effect of mutations in EF-Tu on its affinity for tRNA as measured by two novel and independent methods of general applicability.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, The Netherlands.


Elongation factor Tu is essential for binding and a correct delivery of aminoacyl-tRNA during protein biosynthesis. For a good characterization of its interaction with tRNA in terms of structure-function relationship, determinations of kinetic equilibrium parameters are of great value. We describe two novel methods for that purpose. One method is based on EF-Tu protection of the tRNA 3' acceptor end against RNase A cleavage and yields the Kd value together with the corresponding dissociation and association rate constants from one single set of experiments. The other is a rapid method for screening relative affinities of mutant EF-Tus for tRNA. It is based on competition between EF-Tu species with and without a (His)6 extension for the same aminoacyl-tRNA and yields a relative Kd value. The method can be of general importance for the measuring of ligand affinities of all sorts of His-tagged proteins. Both methods are illustrated by their application in the analysis of mutant EF-Tus with changed interactions with tRNA and antibiotics. Raising the assay temperature from 4 to 37 degrees C causes a 30-fold increase of Kd for EF-Tu x GTP x Phe-tRNA complexes. The mutation K237E leads to rapid inactivation at the latter temperature. A parallel is found between the order of increasing Kd values for EF-Tus with mutation G316D, A375T and Q124K, respectively, and their order of increasing resistance to kirromycin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center