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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jan 28;275(4):2877-84.

Homodimer of two F-box proteins betaTrCP1 or betaTrCP2 binds to IkappaBalpha for signal-dependent ubiquitination.

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Institute for Drug Discovery Research, Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical Company Ltd., 21 Miyukigaoka, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki, 305-8585, Japan.


We found previously that overexpression of an F-box protein betaTrCP1 and the structurally related betaTrCP2 augments ubiquitination of phosphorylated IkappaBalpha (pIkappaBalpha) induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), but the relationship of the two homologous betaTrCP proteins remains unknown. Herein we reveal that deletion mutants of betaTrCP1 and betaTrCP2 lacking the F-box domain suppressed ubiquitination and destruction of pIkappaBalpha as well as transcriptional activation of NF-kappaB. The ectopically expressed betaTrCP1 and betaTrCP2 formed both homodimer and heterodimer complexes without displaying the trimer complex. Dimerization of betaTrCP1 and/or betaTrCP2 takes place at their conserved NH(2)-terminal regions, termed a "D-domain" (for dimerization domain), located upstream of the F-box domain. The D-domain was necessary and sufficient for the dimer formation. Intriguingly, the betaTrCP homodimer, but not the heterodimer, was selectively recruited to pIkappaBalpha induced by TNF-alpha. These results indicate that not only betaTrCP1 but also betaTrCP2 participates in the ubiquitination-dependent destruction of IkappaBalpha by forming SCF(betaTrCP1-betaTrCP1) and SCF(betaTrCP2-betaTrCP2) ubiquitin-ligase complexes.

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