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J Food Prot. 2000 Jan;63(1):25-30.

Bactericidal activity of isothiocyanate against pathogens on fresh produce.

Author information

1
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611-0370, USA.

Abstract

The bactericidal activity of allyl and methyl isothiocyanate (AITC and MITC) was tested with a rifampicin-resistant strain of Salmonella Montevideo and streptomycin-resistant strains of Escherichia coil O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes Scott A. Iceberg lettuce inoculated with high (10(7) to 10(8) CFU/g) and low (10(3) to 10(4) CFU/g) concentrations of bacterial pathogens was treated with AITC and MITC in sealed containers at 4 degrees C for 4 days. AITC showed stronger bactericidal activity than MITC against E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Montevideo, whereas MITC showed stronger activity against L. monocytogenes than E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Montevideo. Up to 8-log reduction occurred with E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Montevideo on lettuce following treatment with vapor generated from 400 microl of AITC for 2 and 4 days, respectively. AITC was used to treat tomatoes inoculated with Salmonella Montevideo on stem scars and skin and apples inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 on stem scars. The bactericidal effect of AITC varied with bacteria species and exposure time. Salmonella Montevideo inoculated on tomato skin was more sensitive to AITC than that on stem scars. Treatment with vapor generated from 500 microl of AITC caused an 8-log reduction in bacteria on tomato skin but only a 5-log reduction on tomato stem scars. The bactericidal activity of AITC was weaker for E. coli O157:H7 on apple stem scars; only a 3-log reduction in bacteria occurred when 600 microl of AITC was used.

PMID:
10643765
DOI:
10.4315/0362-028x-63.1.25
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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