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Indian J Med Res. 1999 May;109:188-94.

Gender differences in muscle strength & endurance in young Indian adults.

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Department of Physiology, St. John's Medical College, Bangalore.


Muscle strength was studied in 70 males and 53 females between the ages of 17-30 yr, using a handgrip dynamometer. In a subset group of 31 males and 20 females, muscle endurance during sustained isometric contraction was studied using a load cell based handgrip dynamometer coupled to a polygraph. The males had a significantly greater muscle mass and lower body fat as compared to the females. Males had close to twice the handgrip strength of females in absolute terms (P < 0.01) and this difference persisted after correction for forearm muscle area (P < 0.05). In contrast, the rate of decline of muscle strength during sustained isometric contraction was lower in females as compared to males (P < 0.05), suggestive of greater skeletal muscle endurance in females. Physical activity patterns were not a determinant of skeletal muscle function. These findings are consistent with gender specific muscle fibre characteristics reported in literature in other racial groups.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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