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Biochem J. 2000 Feb 1;345 Pt 3:503-9.

Human Nedd4 interacts with the human epithelial Na+ channel: WW3 but not WW1 binds to Na+-channel subunits.

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School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University, P.O. Box 600, Wellington 6004, New Zealand.


The epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) regulates Na(+) absorption in epithelial tissues including the lung, colon and sweat gland, and in the distal nephrons of the kidney. When Na(+)-channel function is disrupted, salt and water homoeostasis is affected. The cytoplasmic regions of the Na(+)-channel subunits provide binding sites for other proteins to interact with and potentially regulate Na(+)-channel activity. Previously we showed that a proline-rich region of the alpha subunit of the Na(+) channel bound to a protein of 116 kDa from human lung cells. Here we report the identification of this protein as human Nedd4, a ubiquitin-protein ligase that binds to the Na(+)-channel subunits via its WW domains. Further, we show that WW domains 2, 3 and 4 of human Nedd4 bind to the alpha, beta and gamma Na(+)-channel subunits but not to a mutated beta subunit. In addition, when co-expressed in Xenopus oocytes, human Nedd4 down-regulates Na(+)-channel activity.

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