Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Contraception. 1999 Oct;60(4):209-14.

Lunelle monthly contraceptive injection (medroxyprogesterone acetate and estradiol cypionate injectable suspension): steady-state pharmacokinetics of MPA and E2 in surgically sterile women.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Pharmacia & Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI 49007-4940, USA.

Abstract

The steady-state pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and estradiol (E2, released from E2C by esterase enzymes) were characterized after administration to surgically sterile women. This report describes the pharmacokinetics of this multiple-dose and open-labeled study (pharmacodynamics are reported in a subsequent article in this issue). Women with regular menstrual cycles were studied for one control cycle, 3 consecutive treatment months, and 3-5 months of follow-up. Blood samples were drawn before each monthly dose and at specified time points after the third monthly injection. A total of 16 women were enrolled, 14 of whom completed the study. These 14 women (13 white, one black) ranged in age from 28 to 43.4 years, in body weight from 47.6 to 68.9 kg, and in height from 150 to 175 cm. Mean serum MPA concentrations peaked in the first week after administration of MPA/E2C (Lunelle Monthly Contraceptive Injection). The mean MPA Cmax and AUC0-t(last) were 1.25 ng/mL and 32.13 ng.day/mL, respectively. Serum MPA concentrations declined with a mean terminal half-life of 14.7 days, indicating that absorption from the injection site is prolonged after administration of MPA/E2C. The time for MPA concentrations to fall below the lower limit of quantitation (i.e., < 10 pg/mL) after the third injection ranged from 63 to 84 days. The average MPA trough (Cmin' day 28) concentrations for the three consecutive monthly injections ranged from 0.44 to 0.47 pg/mL, indicating that steady-state conditions were achieved after the first injection. The MPA Cmin values were well above threshold levels required to suppress ovulation throughout the injection interval. Absorption of E2 from the injection site was also prolonged after injection of MPA/E2C. Mean concentrations of E2 peaked at approximately 2 days after the third injection, and the average Cmax was 247 pg/mL. Serum E2 levels declined with a terminal half-life of approximately 8 days; E2 levels returned to baseline (typically, approximately 100 pg/mL) by 14 days after each injection. The average trough (Cmin' day 28) levels for E2 ranged from 40 to 55 pg/mL. The results of this study demonstrate that steady-state conditions are achieved after the first injection of MPA/E2C; no further MPA or E2 accumulation occurs beyond the first injection. Furthermore, the E2 peak observed after injection of MPA/E2C is similar to the nontreated preovulatory E2 range and returns to baseline levels by approximately 14 days after injection.

PIP:

This paper characterized the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and estradiol cypionate (E2C) in 14 healthy, surgically sterile women. These women ranged in age from 28 to 43.4 years, in body weight from 47.6 to 68.9 kg, and in height from 150 to 175 cm. The results of this study demonstrate that steady-state conditions are achieved after the first injection of MPA/E2C; no further MPA or E2C accumulation occurs beyond the first injection. Moreover, the E2 peak observed after injection of MPA/E2C is similar to the nontreated preovulatory E2 range and returns to baseline levels by approximately 14 days after insertion.

PMID:
10640167
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center