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Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 1999 Dec;215(6):334-7.

[Etiology of non-penetrating corneal injuries].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Universit├Ątsklinik f├╝r Augenheilkunde und Optometrie, Wien. johannes.nepp@akh-wien.ac.at

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Non-penetrating injuries of the cornea are frequent. Complications like corneal infiltrations, or corneal ulcera, may follow.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

This prospective study included 144 patients with non-penetrating corneal injuries. Records contained epidemiological data, field of activity, profession, cause of the injury, and stress during the trauma.

RESULTS:

97% of the patients were men, 78% of the injuries occurred during working hours, 41% of the patients were from metal working professions, 73% of the accidents happened with grinding machines and drilling machines. Only 6.9% of patients weared adequate glasses. The cause of trauma was deflection and working without glasses. In 32% of patients stress played a role in the cause of injuries.

CONCLUSIONS:

Most of the corneal, non penetrating injuries happened during the working hours by deflection, and by neglecting safety glasses. With the use of safety glasses the number of corneal non-penetrating injuries could definitely be reduced.

PMID:
10637795
DOI:
10.1055/s-2008-1034727
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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