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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1999 Nov;63(11):1871-81.

Involvement of thioredoxin peroxidase type II (Ahp1p) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Mn2+ homeostasis.

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Department of Fermentation Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Hiroshima University, Japan.


To identify new proteins involved in Mn2+ homeostasis, we isolated Mn(2+)-resistant mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae starting from a calcineurin-deficient, Mn2+ hypersensitive strain (delta cmp1 delta cmp2). The mutations were found to lie in the PMR1 gene, known to encode a "P-type" Ca(2+)-ATPase that transports Ca2+ and Mn2+ from the cytosol to the Golgi apparatus. A second gene, AHP1, was cloned as a suppressor of the Mn2+ tolerance of a delta cmp1 delta cmp2 pmr1 mutant. Ahp1p was recently described as a thioredoxin peroxidase type II, an antioxidant protein with alkyl hydroperoxide defense properties in yeast. AHP1 disruption in strain W303 decreased tolerance to Mn2+ and H2O2. We found that a GFP-Ahp1p fusion construct was in the cytosol when cells were grown in glucose, and in the mitochondria when cells were grown in oleate. Based on Mn2+ transport data, we concluded that Ahp1p is involved in cellular Mn2+ homeostasis in trafficking of Mn2+ from cytosol to mitochondria and from cytosol for export across the plasma membrane.

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