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Acta Physiol Scand. 1999 Dec;167(4):339-45.

Adverse changes in fibre type and myosin heavy chain compositions of human jaw muscle vs. limb muscle during ageing.

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Departments of Odontology, Clinical Oral Physiology, Ume┬┐a University, Sweden.


This review shows that human jaw muscles not only have unique fibre type and myosin heavy chain (MyHC) compositions but also undergo muscle and region-specific changes in fibre composition during ageing. Alterations in the masseter and the lateral pterygoid muscles in the elderly are opposite to those reported for limb and trunk muscles, whereas changes in the anterior and posterior bellies of the digastric muscle resemble those of limb and trunk muscles. We conclude that age-related alterations in fibre type composition and MyHC expression are muscle and region specific, probably reflecting muscular differences in genetic programs and epigenetic influences.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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